General information

Political System

Macedonia is a parliamentary democracy with an executive government composed of a coalition of parties from the unicameral legislature and an independent judicial branch with a constitutional court. The Assembly is made up of 120 seats and the members are elected every four years.

The role of the President of the Republic is mostly ceremonial, with the real power resting in the hands of the President of the Government.

 

Religion

Most people in Macedonia are Christians affiliated with the Macedonian Orthodox Church,  followed followed by the members of Islam, Catholicism and others. The different religious communities have long developed relations of mutual respect and tolerance.

 

European ground squirrelFauna

The fauna of Macedonian forests is abundant and includes bears, wild boars, wolves, foxes, squirrels, chamois and deer. The lynx is found, although very rarely, in the mountains of western Macedonia, while deer can be found in the region of Demir Kapija. Forest birds include the blackcap, the grouse, the black grouse, the imperial eagle and the forest owl.


The three artificial lakes of the country represent a separate fauna zone, an indication of long-lasting territorial and temporal isolation. The fauna of Lake Ohrid is a relict of an earlier era and the lake is widely known for its letnica trout, lake whitefish, gudgeon, roach, podust, and pior, as well as for certain species of snails of a genus older than 30 million years.

 

Flora

The flora of Republic of Macedonia is represented with around 210 families, 920 genera, and around 3,700 plant species. The most abundant group are the flowering plants with around 3,200 species, which is followed by mosses and ferns.

 

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Macedonia, license: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Text_of_Creative_Commons_Attribution-ShareAlike_3.0_Unported_License
Photo: BS Thurner Hof / Wikimedia Commons, license: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en
Updated: 20.10.2012