Malta, officially the Republic of Malta consists of an archipelago (group of islands) situated in the centre of the Mediterranean Sea. Only the three largest islands - Malta, Gozo and Comino are inhabited. The capital city of Malta is Valletta.
Malta has a population of an approximation of 400,00 people.
The country has two official languages; Maltese and English.
Throughout history, Malta's location has given it great strategic importance and a succession of powers including the Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Normans, Aragonese, Habsburg Spain, Knights of St John, French and the British ruled the islands.
Malta is internationally renowned as a tourist destination, with numerous recreational areas and historical monuments, including nine UNESCO World Heritage Sites, most prominently the Megalithic Temples which are some of the oldest free-standing structures in the world.
Malta gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1964 and became a republic in 1974, whilst retaining membership in the Commonwealth of Nations.