Key figures

Netherlands was ranked as the "happiest" country according to results published by OECD in 2011!

  • Surface area: 41,528 km² (18.41% water)
  • Currency: Euro
  • Population (2012): 16.751.323
  • Renewable Energy: Hydro power, Wind energy, Solar energy 
  • Host to International Organizations: OPCW, PCA, ICJ, ICC, ICTY, STL

The Netherlands is often called Holland, which is formally incorrect as North and South Holland are actually two of its twelve provinces!

The 12 provinces are:

Noord-Holland, Zuid-Holland, Groningen, Friesland, Drenthe,Overijssel, Gelderland, Nord Brabant, Utrecht, Zeeland, Limburg and Flevoland


The Netherlands is with over 16 million inhabitants the twenty-fourth most densely populated country in the world. The officially spoken languages are DutchWest Frisian (Frysk), a language mostly spoken in the Northern province of Friesland. Another Dutch dialect granted the status of regional language is Limburgish (Limburgs), which is spoken in the South-Eastern province of Limburg.


Water management

For many centuries the Dutch fought back the many floods, conquering water by building dikes for the peatlands as well as for the densely populated clayey areas inland. The introduction of the windmill between 1250 and 1600 came just in time to ensure a continuous use of the subsiding agricultural land and was also used for the drainage of lakes.These windmills remain the national emblem of the Netherlands and can be seen all across the country. Read more about the Watermanagement at the link below.


Updated: 12.10.2012