Czech is the only official language of the Czech Republic; it is a native language for approximately 11 million people.
It is a Slavonic language. It has two main dialects – Czech and Moravian – that differ mainly in accent and also in vocabulary and grammar according to regions.
Czech is famous for its consonants, in some cases one can find up to 5 following consonants in one word (zmrzlina – ice cream). To pronounce Czech ř is difficult for most foreigners, but because the Czechs are aware of its exceptionality, there is no need to worry about it.
A foreigner may at least make an attempt to learn some Czech words. The Czechs take pride in the richness of the language. After all, e.g. the Czech word robot from the drama RUR (author: Karel Čapek, 1930) and pistol (píšťala) enriched international dictionary.
Prosím [ pro-seem] – please
here you are
generally can be used in case of doubt
Děkuji [dzeh-kooyi] – thank you
Ano [ah-noh] – yes (often shortened to No [noh] or Jo [ioh])
Ne [neh] – no
Dobrý den [dob-ree den] – hello, good afternoon
Nashledanou [nus-hle-dah-no] – good bye
Ahoj [ah-hoy]- hi or bye (can be used both ways when meeting and leaving)
Co je to? [tso yeh toh] – what is it?
Kolik to stojí? [koh-leek toh stoh-yee] – how much is it?
Update: NICM, 6/2011