The whole territory of the Czech Republic is thickly covered by traffic network. The biggest Czech towns are connected with highways. Roads of I. and II. class go to the rest of them. Railway network in the Czech Republic is developed and assures accessibility to all places in the Czech Republic.
Public city transport in the Czech Republic consists of trams, buses and trolley buses. There is also underground and funicular in Prague. Travelling by city transport is possible only with a valid ticket. Tickets can be bought in Dopravní podnik Information Centres, hotels, at news stands, travel bureaus, department stores, by bus or tram driver (ticket bought by the driver are always a bit more expensive).
You find public city transport timetables of 61 towns within the territory of the Czech Republic on http://jizdnirady.idnes.cz/vlakyautobusy/spojeni/
Tickets are available from many newsstands and tobacconists. Tickets can be bought from the slot machines located at metro stations or at selected bus or tram stops (you need coins, notes are not accepted). Ticket is valid only after marking it in the marking machine or supplied by valued coupon of transported and all necessary data are filled permanently readable.Children up to the age of 6 and persons over the age of 70 with a valid ID travel free of charge in Prague.
As the innovation you can buy also “sms ticket”. The problem is that an SMS ticket can only be purchased using a SIM card belonging to Czech operators. For those who already have the Czech simcard using the sms ticket is more advantegous. The price is the same but sms ticket is valid for 90 minutes (not 75 as the ordinary one). You can find more information here.
Adult tickets cost from 32 CZK (90 min) to 24 CZK (30 min.). One-day ticket is for 110 CZK and 3-day is for 310 CZK. Other information about fares in Prague: http://www.dpp.cz/en/fares-in-prague/
In case you are travelling without valid ticket, you will be charged 950CZK which is reduced to CZK 700 if it is paid at the point. Ticket inspectors in metro usually wear blue uniforms so you might recognize them (although we don’t recommend travel without the ticket). In trams or buses there you can meet ticket inspectors as well but you don’t recognize them as they wear plain clothes.
You can also buy SMS ticket for the same fares as above. You must send an SMS "DPT_number of the cost of the ticket" on the number 90206.
You can see the examples here: http://www.smsjizdenka.cz/MATicketsDPP/sms/index.do
You can visit info centres where you get information regarding the operation of public transport, routes, timetables and fares (list of info centres: http://www.dpp.cz/en/infocentres/) or you can call Infoline: 800 19 18 17 (EN) – free of charge.
Prague metro map
The easiest way to reach CR is to go by plane. The biggest international airport of the CR, Václav havel Airport Prague, is situated about 20 km northwest of Prague centre. There are more international airports within our territory (Ostrava – Mošnov, Brno – Tuřany a Karlovy Vary).
There are two terminals in Václav havel Airport Prague. The new Terminal Sever 2 (North 2) serves passengers to and from destinations in Schengen Agreement countries. Terminal 1 is assigned for flights to all other countries. To get to the city centre you can use the public transport. There are buses running every 10-15 minutes. These buses stop in front of the arrival/departure hall of the airport. You can also take a taxi.
Bus lines from the airport:
• 119 Letiště Praha - Dejvická (metro line A) - 24 min
• 100 Letiště Praha - Zličín (metro line B) - 18 min
• 179 Letiště Praha - Nové Butovice (metro line B) - 45 min
• 225 Letiště Praha - Nové Butovice (metro lineB) - 53 min
Basic fare: CZK 26.00.
Ticket purchased from driver: CZK 30.00.
Information about Václav havel Airport Prague, arrivals and departures: http://www.prg.aero/en/
State and private transporters provide international and national transportation all over the Czech Republic. You can get from and to the CR by bus to all over Europe but you have to count with the fact that it can take longer than by air and usually is less comfortable but cheaper.
Within the CR buses are quite fast and popular means of transport. In most cities and towns, bus terminals are located near the center to be better accessible by foot, often close to the main railway station. On working days, buses run between major towns and cities several times a day, and there are at least a few lines between smaller towns and villages every day.
The address http://jizdnirady.idnes.cz/vlakyautobusy/spojeni/ allows you to find any connection within the CR as well as international (available in EN).
If you are a student, some companies offer you discounts for traveling by bus. We recommend you to always ask and show some student card, ISIC is the best.
Czech train network is well connected to European network. Trains run between most European cities and Prague every day, including first- and second-class carriages as well as carriages with couchettes or beds. Rail travel is relatively comfortable but more expensive than traveling by bus. In case you don’t have any discount, traveling by train can be quite expensive.
You can spare some money buying return ticket. The return journey reduction ticket can be bought every day. It is valid regardless of the distance till 24.00 P.M. of the following day.
The group reduction is granted in 2nd class only for a common journey of 2 persons at minimum and 30 persons at maximum.
The junior reduction is available for all passengers between 15 and 26 years of age. The title to the reduction is proved by a valid In-junior card or Junior Pass summer, established on wait by a CD employee in a booking office on presentation of an ID with the date of birth and a photograph with format 35 x 40 mm. A In-junior card with year validity costs 600 CZK, a Junior Pass for summer costs 100 CZK.
If you are going to travel during the weekend you can buy SONE+ ticket. This offer is optimal for family trips and traveling with friends. It is valid for the whole day on Saturday or Sunday, in all ordinary trains (Os) in the whole network of Czech Railways.
More information about reductions http://www.cd.cz/static/eng/pricereduction2.htm.
Here you find connections in EN http://jizdnirady.idnes.cz/vlakyautobusy/spojeni/
Czech Railways offer new service. It is possible to borrow a bike at some railway stations in popular tourist destinations. You can usually give the bike back in another station, it doesn’t have to be the same one where you have borrowed the bike. You don’t have to pay any fee for this bike in case you want to go by train. There are 11 regions where you can borrow the bike (see http://www.cd.cz/index.php?action=section&id=18490). The price is 130-230CZK. The rental service is available from 1st April to 31st October. You have to consign refundable deposit of 1000 CZK and submit your ID.
Update: NICM, 10/2012